Located near the famous Thane Creek, this sanctuary spans across 1.69 square kilometers of mudflats, mangroves, and salt pans. It was established in 1986 with the goal of providing a safe haven for these beautiful birds and preserving their natural habitat. This is a first Ramsar site in India within an urban metropolis. A Ramsar site is a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. They are recognized as being of significant value not only for the country or the countries in which they are located, but for humanity as a whole. 
Ramsar recognition is the identification of wetlands around the world, which are of international importance, especially if they provide habitat to waterfowl (about 180 species of birds).

The sanctuary is a part of the larger Thane Creek and is surrounded by the bustling city of Mumbai, making it a unique and soothing combination of urban and natural landscapes.

The main attraction of this sanctuary is the immense population of lesser flamingos that visit every year from November to June. These pink-feathered birds create a stunning sight against the backdrop of the blue-green creek. Apart from flamingos, the sanctuary also hosts a variety of other migratory and resident birds such as black-headed ibis, Eurasian curlew, Clamorous Reed-warbler and many more. A total of over 200 species of birds have been spotted in this sanctuary, making it a paradise for birdwatchers.


The best time to visit Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary is from December to February when the migratory birds are in full bloom. The weather during this time is pleasant, and the cool breeze from the creek adds to the experience. The sanctuary offers a serene and peaceful environment perfect for taking a break from the hustle and bustle of city life.

Apart from bird watching, the sanctuary also offers other recreational activities such as boating and nature walks. One can take a boat ride in the creek to get a closer look at the birds and their habitat. The nature walk takes you through the mangroves, salt pans, and mudflats, giving you a chance to observe the diverse flora and fauna of the area.

Flamingoes are also spotted in Belapur creek.

Time: Monday to Friday 10am-5pm;

Best time to visit: Flamingoes fly to the sanctuary in spring. Hence, April to end of May is the ideal time

Tickets: INR 50 per head for adults and INR 25 per head for children

Other places to visit in Thane-

  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park 
  • Kanheri Caves
  • Upvan Lake
  • Tikuji-Ni-Wadi
  • Ghodbunder Fort

How to reach Thane creek Flamingo sanctuary: The nearest Railway station is Thane Railway station. It takes approx. 30 minutes to reach by car. Public buses are also available.